How to Do Orthodontic Treatment?
The treatment, which can be done to move the teeth and affect the growth of muscles or jaws, may be constant or mobile. These treatments are performed by applying very light forces to the teeth or jaws. The treatment method is determined according to the severity of your problem.
Fixed applications consist of:
Bracket installation: The most commonly applied method of bracketing is done using wires, brackets and tires. Brackets are glued to the teeth, and wires are passed through the brackets and force is applied to the teeth. Thus, the teeth are gradually moved and positioned properly. Treatment can take several months or several years and adjustments are made every month to ensure that the improvement of the teeth is as desired. The brackets used today are lighter and contain less metal. It is produced in various recitations and transparently for adults in order to motivate children.
Special Fixed Applications: These apparatuses for the passage of finger sucking habit are attached to the tooth with tapes. They are recommended to be used as the last option, as they are not very comfortable during feeding.
Fixed Placeholders: In cases where milk teeth are lost early, using the placeholder, other teeth are prevented from slipping into the cavity until permanent teeth come out. Moving Apparatuses are as follows.
Aligners (non-bracket treatment): It is preferred by many orthodontists because there are no brackets and wires to align the teeth as an alternative to fixed treatment by installing brackets for adults. Aligners are usually transparent and are removed to eat, brush and floss.
Moving Placeholders: They function the same as fixed placeholders. It consists of an acrylic base that sits on the chin and fills the gap between plastic or wires and certain teeth.
Apparatus developed to reposition the jaw: These devices, called Splints, are placed in the lower jaw or upper jaw and help close the jaw in a better position. They are also used to correct (temporomandibular joint) disorders.
Lip and cheek bumper: The device that pushes the teeth back, preventing the lip and cheek from getting between the teeth. Lip and cheek muscles can apply force on the teeth, and boomers cut this force.
Jaw extender: It is a device that allows the upper jaw to expand. It is made of a plastic material that sits on the palate. Thanks to the force applied with screws, the bone under the palate is opened by moving.
Moving Boosters: Passive apparatus used to protect the location of the teeth and prevent them from returning to their former state after treatment. It can also be used to leave the finger sucking habit by modifying it a little.
Headgear: A device that connects to the front of the head with tape and a metal wire placed on the back of the head. The headgear slows down the development of the upper jaw and allows the front teeth to go backwards while keeping the back teeth where they are.
Orthodontics aims to improve both aesthetics and chewing function by removing irregularities in the teeth and jaw. In order for orthodontic treatment to begin, the teeth must be healthy and caries-free. There are no age restrictions in orthodontic treatment.
When problems are noticed in the early period, short and easy interventions can be obtained quickly.