Imaging methods are very important in terms of diagnosis and treatment in dentistry. From the discovery of X-rays to this day, with the advancement of technology, significant progress has been made in obtaining images. After the use of digital tomography in dentistry in addition to traditional methods, images (3D) were obtained with 3D digital tomography. With computer software, different sections were obtained from these images and the objects were examined spatially from all directions.
Digital tomographs obtain detailed and clear images by taking sections at shorter intervals, and these sections are combined and colored in the computer environment to obtain 3D images. Due to the wide range of possibilities, it offers, it finds a wide range of uses in endodontic treatment, orthodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, pedodontics, and prosthetic and implant applications.
Compared to the conventional tomography system, more successful and clearer images are obtained and it allows to make clearer decisions for treatment. In addition, the opportunity to be colored in a computer environment and displayed in 3D provides a wide range of possibilities and facilitates the treatment stages.
Advantages of Digital Tomography
- In cases where 2D films such as periapical, occlusal and panoramic films are insufficient, 3D digital tomography provides great convenience in implant planning, imaging of intrachain cyst and tumor-like pathologies.
- With digital tomography, the radiation dose is reduced compared to conventional (conventional) tomography.
- Measurements can be made easily on images obtained by digital tomography. Thus, the diameter and length of the implant to be applied in implant surgery can be planned before the implant surgery on the image taken by digital tomography.
- Bone density cannot be known in panoramic films, but bone density can be known with numerical precision in images taken with digital tomography.