Gum Diseases

Gum disease is a disease that occurs in the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. They can be seen regardless of age and are infectious conditions that occur in the tissues surrounding the teeth. If this infectious condition is left untreated, it can cause bleeding in the teeth, bad breath, loosening of the teeth and, in advanced cases, tooth loss.

Gum diseases, which start to occur without pain symptoms like other dental diseases, are mostly noticed in the advanced stages of gum disease.


What is Periodontology?

Periodontology examines the anatomy, physiology and histology of the soft and hard tissues surrounding the teeth; it is the science that investigates the diseases that occur in these tissues, provides the treatment of these diseases and the continuity of the health obtained as a result of the treatment.

What Causes Gum Disease?

Food residues that cannot be cleaned are the main cause of gum disease. These food residues combine with the bacteria in the mouth and cause the onset of gum disease in the tissues around the teeth. In addition, diabetes, leukemia, stress, heart-blood pressure medications, smoking, eating habits also cause the formation of gum diseases.


Stages of Gum Disease

Stage 1 – Gingivitis (Gum Inflammation)

It is the earliest symptom of gum disease and occurs when the infection affects the gums. As a result of plaque accumulating at the bottom of the teeth, the effects begin to be seen with the inflammation of the gums close to the area. Redness, bleeding and swelling of the gums may occur due to not flossing and improper brushing or not brushing. These rashes and bleedings can be regional or they can be in the whole mouth. In some cases, redness and bleeding may occur out of nowhere (taste of blood in our mouth).

Stage 2 – Periodontitis

Periodontitis is the second stage of gum disease. Since the ligaments connecting the bone to the tooth root, as well as the gum, become inflamed and damaged, the disease progresses below the gum line, in case the pockets formed at the bottom of the teeth become deeper, the problem grows rapidly and regional tooth loss can be seen.

Stage 3 – Advanced Periodontitis

Advanced periodontitis is the third stage of gum disease. At this point, the teeth cannot be used comfortably because the teeth are shaken a lot. There is a widespread infection in the mouth. Even with advanced surgical treatments, teeth may not be saved. In such a case, it may be necessary to extract these teeth.

Treatment of Gum Disease

In the initial stages of gum disease, the transition to the later stages of gum disease can be prevented by applying the right tooth brushing technique and cleaning the calculus (tartar). If it is not done, the formed tartar cannot be removed by tooth brushing, and over time, it may cause bone destruction and tooth loss in the later stages.

The primary aim is to prevent gum disease from progressing to progressive stages with regular control and correct oral care methods.


Tartar Removal – Calculus Removal (Detertrage)

The bacterial plaque accumulating on the teeth hardens and causes the formation of tartar. The tartar is separated from the tooth by ultrasonic vibrations, the tooth is not damaged during this process. The plaque layer and stains on the surface of the tooth are removed by polishing. In advanced cases, panoramic x-rays are taken and the areas where bone support is reduced are curetted. Bacteria are minimized by applying laser to the gingival pockets.

Is Teeth Cleaning Harmful?

The stones formed can cause bad breath, tooth discoloration, gum diseases, caries, etc. Uncleaned tartar can also cause many oral problems tooth loss in the future. For this reason, tartar cleaning has no harm in terms of oral and dental health.

As Ankara Çayyolu Dental Clinic, you can reach us to complete your gum disease treatments in a comfortable and healthy way by planning your treatment in the form of sedation – half-sleep treatment. For detailed information about sedation – half-asleep treatment, please click here.

What causes bleeding gums while brushing our teeth? Is there a solution?

Gum bleeding while brushing teeth is caused by gum disease. With the treatment planning created by the gum specialist and the correct brushing technique, gum bleeding can be prevented.

Is it safe to use fluoride toothpaste?

It is recommended not to use fluoride toothpaste for children younger than 6 years old. There is no harm in using fluoride toothpaste in adults.

Does scaling damage the teeth?

Teeth cleaning does not harm the teeth. On the contrary, if not treated, tartar causes bleeding and infection in the gums. In order to get the best results in many dental treatments, the treatment is started by cleaning the teeth according to the needs of the patient.

What is the importance of dental floss?

Dental floss is very important as it can reach the intermediate areas that the toothbrush cannot reach. Because most of the time, caries starts from these intermediate areas and spreads. Adding the use of dental floss to the habit of brushing will greatly reduce the formation of caries.

Does flossing damage the teeth?

When floss is used with the right technique, it does not cause any damage to the teeth and gums. However, before use, the technique of use should be learned by consulting a specialist dentist.

Opening Hours

Mon – Fri : 9 am to 9 pm
Saturday   : 10 am to 6 pm