Gum Diseases

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Gum Health

Gum diseases are the most common disease in the world. In 99% of all people, it occurs at some stage in their lives. The first symptom is bleeding redness and swelling of the gums. In such a case, the dentist should be consulted immediately. Thanks to the treatment performed at the first moment, the problem can be solved very comfortably without reflection on the bones. Gum disease is one of the biggest causes of bad breath, even if we do not have caries in our mouths. With a simple tooth cleaning, the problem of bad breath can be eliminated very easily.

Improper brushing is also one of the causes of tooth stone formation. With improper brushing, it is possible to push food residi accumulated on the tooth surface into the gum pockets. Therefore, it is necessary to learn the correct tooth brushing method in consultation with your dentist. In addition, if there is a disorder in our dental alignments, this can cause gum problems as it interferes with the cleanliness we apply daily. Your dentist can prevent the problem by taking measures to correct dental formation.

Treatment of Gum Disease

No matter what stage of the problems we are talking about, your dentist should be consulted as soon as possible. If we are in the first stages, the disease can be prevented from moving to advanced stages by cleaning the teeth and learning the correct tooth brushing method.

If these are not done, the resulting tooth stones cannot be removed by tooth brushing, causing bone destruction over time and tooth loss in the later stages. Of course, surgical treatments are possible in these, but the important thing is not to go to these stages with regular control and proper oral care.

Deterration is performed with the help of an ultrasonic cavittron. (The tooth stones are separated from the tooth by ultrasonic vibrations, the tooth is not damaged.) The plaque layer and stains on the surface of the tooth are removed by the polishing process.

In advanced cases, panoramic X-rays are taken and areas, where bone support is reduced, are sphered. Bacteria are minimized by applying lasers to gum pockets.

Stages of Gum Diseases

Phase One;

Gingivitis

It’s the earliest symptom. As a result of plaque accumulated at the bottom of the teeth, it begins with the iltation of the gums close to the area. Redness and bleeding may occur in the gums due to the lack of flossing and improper brushing or brushing. It can be all in the mouth or regional. We observe this mostly as bleeding as a result of the contact of the food we eat when we brush or eat that area. Sometimes we get a slight taste of blood, even if we don’t notice the bleeding. These are the decisive reasons for us. It can be reversed much more easily with interventions at this stage. Tissues can be turned back to their original state much more quickly.

Phase Two;

Periodontitis

At this stage, the disease progresses below the gum line and the problem grows rapidly as the pockets formed at the bottom of the teeth deepen, as the ligaments connecting the bone, which we call periodontal fibers, to the root of the tooth are rectified and damaged. At the end of this, regional bone losses are seen. This problem can be largely solved by the periodontologist with advanced surgical methods. But it requires longer-term treatment and procedures such as extra bone dust.

Stage Three;

Advanced Periodontitis

Waste is in the final stages. In such a case, the patient cannot use his teeth easily because the teeth are wobbly a lot. There is a common infection in the mouth. Even with advanced surgical treatments, teeth may not be saved. In such a case, it may be necessary to pull these teeth.

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