What is Plaque Formation?

What Causes Plaque Formation?

Bacteria in the mouth cause plaque formation when it encounters sugary or starchy foods such as milk, fruit juice, soft drinks, bread, pasta and fruit and is not cleaned for a long time. These bacteria break down carbohydrates in food and drink, releasing acids.

If plaque formation is not prevented, it hardens by turning into tartar, that is, tartar. Plaque can cause cavities, gingivitis (gum disease) and tooth loss, so oral and dental health care should be done regularly by visiting a specialist dentist.

How Common Is Plaque Formation?

Some degree of dental plaque formation is observed in every individual. If a rough texture is felt as a result of moving the tongue over the teeth, plaque formation has started.

In Who Is Dental Plaque More Observed?

Although every individual has some dental plaque, there are some factors that cause more plaque to form than normal.

  • Consuming too much sugary, starchy food or drink
  • Dry mouth due to drugs such as antidepressants,
  • Smoking,
  • Tea or coffee consumption
  • Not doing oral and dental care regularly are factors that will increase the formation of dental plaque.

How to Prevent Plaque Formation?

Regular oral, dental and gingival care will reduce the formation of plaque in the mouth.

  • Daily Use of Dental Floss: The use of dental floss significantly prevents the formation of plaque by removing the food stuck between the teeth. Studies show that flossing before brushing removes more plaque.
  • Brushing Twice a Day: Brushing the teeth for two minutes with a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste should be done daily. Brushing at least twice a day and preferably after each meal will prevent plaque formation.
  • Chewing Sugar-Free/Sweet-Free Gum: If it is not possible to brush your teeth shortly after eating or drinking, chewing sugar-free gum will provide a temporary solution. But it is not a permanent solution in the long run.
  • Consumption of Healthy Food: Less consumption of sugary, starchy foods and beverages will reduce plaque formation.
  • Dentist Examination: Having a dental check-up at least twice a year will ensure that plaque formation is detected at an early stage.
  • Use of Mouthwash: A mouthwash recommended by the dentist will prevent plaque formation.
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